Bunions affect more than 35% of adults over 65 and almost a quarter of all younger adults, as well. A bunion is evidence of a joint deviation, which means it requires professional care. At Foot & Ankle Centers of Frisco & Plano, the skilled podiatrists treat bunions with conservative and surgical care based on your symptoms. Call the office in Frisco, Little Elm, or McKinney, Texas, or use the online scheduler for bunion help today.
A bunion, or hallux abducto valgus, is a lump of bone on the side of your big toe joint, the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint.
Bone often grows over this MTP joint, which restricts movement and worsens the bump. Your big toe moves toward the second toe, and in severe cases, moves on top of or underneath it.
Bunions can cause significant discomfort and pain, and they often make it difficult to wear shoes that fit closely around the forefoot. Even if your bunion doesn’t cause any symptoms, it’s a foot deformity that can be unsightly and embarrassing.
No, tight shoes aren’t a direct cause of bunions. Bunions develop even among members of primitive tribes who never wear shoes.
However, tight shoes can accelerate bunion development if you already have the abnormal foot structure and poor foot mechanics that do cause bunions.
A bunion is a complex foot deformity that typically develops in three ways.
Abnormal foot structure and poor foot mechanics overload your first metatarsal bone, which is just below your MTP joint. This overload stretches and weakens your ligaments and joint capsule (the layers covering your joint) to cause the first metatarsal bone to lean sideways.
The sideways lean causes the bunion bump to grow prominent. In turn, this often causes your first metatarsal bone and MTP joint to elevate and transfer the load to the rest of your foot. This can cause serious pain in the ball of your foot and walking problems.
As your bunion progresses, you also have abnormal tendon strain that pushes your big toe farther out of position.
These three factors are often present at the same time, which is why bunions require specialized treatment for long-term relief.
For mild bunions, symptom relief measures like bunion pads, swapping shoes, and functional foot orthotics that control the stress on your first metatarsal bone and MTP joint may help.
If conservative care doesn’t relieve your bunion pain, surgery is usually the best solution. Only surgery can correct the structural issues and relieve symptoms for the long term. The Foot & Ankle Centers of Frisco & Plano surgeons often perform Lapiplasty® 3D Bunion Correction™.
This procedure corrects all three aspects of the bunion deformity, including bone misalignment, elevation, and rotation. Lapiplasty restores your foot anatomy and fixes the unstable joint using titanium plate technology. After Lapiplasty, you can get back on your feet within days of surgery.
For the best in innovative bunion care, call Foot & Ankle Centers of Frisco & Plano or click the online appointment scheduler.